Between Sacramento’s rainy winters and scorching summers, your heater and air conditioner are two of your home’s most important systems. Whether you’re new to homeownership or want to enjoy greater efficiency, take a moment to learn more about how this equipment works.

Types of HVAC Equipment

Air conditioners, heat pumps, and furnaces are forced-air HVAC systems that use the same technology. The main difference lies in their configuration.

  • Heat pumps are often designed as packaged units where all of the equipment is housed within a self-contained package that sits outside your home.
  • Split systems have separate indoor and outdoor components. The furnace, air handler and AC evaporator coil are installed indoors, and the compressor is installed outside.

How Heating and Cooling Systems Work

Central HVAC systems use a blower to move air through the ductwork. If you have a furnace, the incoming air travels through a heat exchanger where it absorbs energy. If you have an air conditioner, the air passes over narrow pipes that are filled with a low-temperature gas. Finally, the blower sends the heated or cooled air to your living spaces.

Tips for Maintaining Your HVAC Equipment

Air conditioners and furnaces are complex mechanical systems, but their maintenance requirements are simple. These small maintenance tasks make a big difference.

  • Keep your equipment clean. Remove fallen leaves, and trim landscape plants growing near your compressor.
  • For balanced airflow, open the HVAC registers in every room. Make sure that the return vent is unobstructed.
  • Change your HVAC filters monthly. Restricted airflow increases heating and cooling costs by 15 percent according to Energy Star.
  • Your air conditioner produces condensation as it runs. To avoid water damage, clean the condensate line at least once per season.
  • Have our professionals perform tune-ups in the spring and fall. Manufacturers recommend preventive maintenance for enhanced efficiency and reliability.

If you have questions about your HVAC equipment or if you’d like to schedule a tuneup, call Ecology Air Innovations to schedule an appointment. You can also find more information about our maintenance services online.

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